The practice of putting water into the soil at constant intervals is referred to as irrigation. Irrigation methods have been grouped into four. One type of irrigation is the surface method. In this type of irrigation gravity is responsible for the spreading of water to the ground. Water is channeled to the field through various ways such as siphons, gated pipes and turn out structures. For this method to be done the land must be flat and gently sloping and the soil must have a medium to a soft texture. Sprinkler irrigation is the other mode of irrigation. The method entails releasing water to the air in form of spray and then allowing it to get to the plants the same way as rain. The method is expensive since one requires some money to buy equipment needed for the method such as pipes and sprinklers. The the benefit of this method is that it can be used regardless of the terrain.
Drip is another irrigation method. In this method water is put into the soil directly in the form of drops or streams. The advantage of this method is that it can be used in all soil types. Subsurface irrigation is an irrigation method. Water is applied below the soil surface in this irrigation method. Depending on the depth of the water table this may vary. In the society today irrigation has been of great benefit. The greatest advantage of irrigation is that it has helped to protect crops against drought. Great harvest is experienced due to crops thriving well. Irrigation has helped to improve food security in countries and therefore reducing hunger-related mortality.
Soil nutrients are preserved through the use of irrigation. Manual watering may cause runoff water that may result in leaching carrying away nutrients in the soil. The another benefit of irrigation is to increase the rate at which the plant grows. Plants become greener and thus can make food faster through photosynthesis. This aid in time management since plants will not experience stunted growth. Irrigation also reduces the chances of weed growth in the land. Only areas that have crops will be facilitated with water in the case of an irrigation system. This helps to limit potential weed growth in the land. One is also able to manage time as a result of irrigation. One is able to conserve the time that he or she would have used to water the land manually.
Irrigation has helped in turning land that was initially not productive into great use. More land has been kept into great use as a result of irrigation this reducing land wastage. plant Irrigation is an easy thing to carry out since it does not necessarily require tap water but can use groundwater-surface water as well as recycled water. One can easily acquire the tools needed to carry out irrigation because they are not only found in the market but can as well be ordered online. There are many online ventures that have specialized in the selling of irrigation equipment at fair prices that is friendly to one’s pockets.